Transportation Economic Trends
Government Transportation Revenues and Expenditures:
Government Transportation Revenue vs. Expenditures
Historically, government transportation revenue collected from transportation sources falls short of government transportation expenditures creating a need for additional funding sources.
2017 Year-in-Review (latest available)
- Total (own-source and supporting) transportation revenues exceeded transportation expenditures by 2.2 billion in 2017, with 42.7 percent of the revenues raised from non-transportation sources, such as local sales taxes dedicated to transportation.
Total Government Transportation Revenue and Expenditures
Revenue collected from transportation-related activity and dedicated to transportation programs (own-source revenue) historically falls short of government transportation expenditures. Funds collected from non-transportation-related activities but dedicated to support transportation programs (supporting revenue), e.g., receipts received by state and local governments from sales or property taxes, help finance the gap between own-source government transportation revenue and government transportation expenditures.
Government Transportation Revenue and Expenditures by State
States and local governments allocate funds among transportation modes differently because they have diverse geographies and economies, which lead to different transportation needs. For example, urban areas like the District of Columbia and New York devote a large share of total expenditures to transit. In contrast, inland low-density states in the Great Plains, like North Dakota and South Dakota, spend most of their transportation expenditures on highways.